Links and Resources

Links to Standards Organisations

ISO - International Organisation for Standardisation   ISO is an independent, non-governmental membership organization and the world's largest developer of voluntary International Standards. ISO  made up of our 165 member countries who are the national standards bodies around the world, with a Central Secretariat that is based in Geneva, Switzerland.
IEC - International Electrotechnical Commission   The IEC is the world’s leading organization that prepares and publishes International Standards for all electrical, electronic and related technologies.
CEN - European Committee for Standardisation  CEN is an association that brings together the National Standardization Bodies of 33 European countries. CEN is one of three European Standardization Organizations (together with CENELEC and ETSI) that have been officially recognized by the European Union and by the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) as being responsible for developing and defining voluntary standards at European level.
CENELEC - European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization  CENELEC is responsible for standardization in the electrotechnical engineering field. CENELEC prepares voluntary standards, which help facilitate trade between countries, create new markets, cut compliance costs and support the development of a Single European Market.
BSI - British Standards Institution  BSI is the standards National Body for the UK.  BSI works with business experts, government bodies, trade associations and consumer groups to capture best practice and structure the knowledge all organizations need to succeed.
FDA/CDRH - Food & Drug Administration  CDRH (Center for Devices and Radiological Health) is responsible for protecting and promoting the public health in rhe USA.  They assure that patients and providers have timely and continued access to safe, effective, and high-quality medical devices and safe radiation-emitting products.

Other useful links

HSE - Health and Safety Executive HSE was founded by the Health and Safety at Work Act providing a regulatory framework for work place health and safety in Great Britain.
MRHA - Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency The MRHA  protect and improve the health of millions of people every day through the effective regulation of medicines and medical devices, underpinned by science and research.
AILU - Association of Laser Users  AILU is run by and for the UK laser community. Its membership extends over five continents and is made up of laser users in industry and academia as well as by manufacturers and suppliers of lasers and laser-related equipment and services. Our corporate members include many leading players in the UK laser materials community.
The Cosmetic Laser Universe - An Internet online library on the cosmetic laser industry and cosmetic laser surgery.

Papers and articles of interest

 Lee, Gregory D., Caroline R. Baumal, David Lally, John D. Pitcher, James Vander, and Jay S. Duker. "Retinal injury after inadvertent handheld laser exposure." Retina (2014)